Small kitchen design, an issue that can easily be solved
Small kitchens are a common problem in Soviet apartments. However, it applies to all types of budget housing, even in European countries and the United States. But in itself, the presence of an individual zone for cooking and eating is already a lot, and in order to be in such a kitchen it was pleasant, you just need to correctly arrange the interior. Read how to do this in the article!
Common mistakes in the design of a small kitchen
It is believed that on an area of 5-6 sq.m. absolutely nothing fits and the convenience of such a kitchen leaves much to be desired. A number of errors lead to this.
The first reason for the cramped space is oversized furniture and appliances, which take up a lot of space and do not fit well into the architecture of the room.
A sense of clutter also comes from the sheer amount of color and texture when dishes or food boxes are stored on open shelves. Color dissonance between walls, ceiling and headset also disturbs the harmony of space.
The pipes of the water and gas pipelines left in sight do not add comfort, and due to the lack of an exhaust hood and normal ventilation, not only the health of the hostess suffers, but also the cleanliness of the surfaces in the cooking zone.
Choosing the right layout
The comfort of the kitchen area depends to a large extent on the location of the headset and the so-called “working triangle” – refrigerator, stove and sink. Triangular geometry was invented specifically for small spaces in order to simplify the cooking process and make it more ergonomic.
The main points of activity should fall on the corners of the figure, between which the hostess can move freely. The very same layout is determined by the length of the walls, the location of doors, windows and communications. In cramped enclosed spaces, it is best to use structures that resemble the letters P and G. For open studios, a linear, circular or island version may well be suitable. And if you got a corridor-type kitchen (for example, a checkpoint), then it is best to use a parallel layout.
Layout of a square small kitchen
For kitchens where all walls are the same length, a U-shaped design is ideal. In this case, one of the corners of the working triangle will be right. It is advisable to leave a place by the window for washing, and place the stove and refrigerator symmetrically, closer to the center of the blank walls. This will provide quick access to the three main items.
The L-shaped layout can be chosen if you want to leave a free corner for the dining area. In this case, the sink is installed in the corner, and the rest – on opposite sides of it.
Layout of a narrow (rectangular) small kitchen
If the kitchen is narrow, then linear or parallel placement would be the best choice for it. In the first version, the set, along with work surfaces, is placed along one long wall, in the second, it is better to place a sink and a stove on one side, and a refrigerator and cabinets with food on the opposite side.
The layout of a small kitchen of a non-standard shape
The open kitchen, typical of studio apartments, allows you to use any convenient layout system. For example, if the cooking area is separated from the living room by a countertop with a built-in hob and sink, you will get an island type; if this partition has the shape of a semicircle, it is oval.
Interesting design options can be made if there are niches, bay windows or ledges in the architecture of the room. To do this, you need furniture made according to an individual sketch.
By adhering to the geometry and colors of one of the styles below, the interior of the kitchen can be made as beautiful and functional as possible.
Small kitchen in Provence style
The Provence style is characterized by pastel shades, delicate floral patterns and vintage enamel furniture. In general, this design leaves an impression of tenderness and lightness.
Small kitchen in a modern style
Innovative materials, multitasking appliances, mirrored surfaces and clean lines are sure to add the missing volume to a small kitchen, and also make the cooking process not only quick, but also enjoyable. This is a universal solution for people who live in the rhythm of the 21st century.
Small kitchen in loft style
The features of the loft are brick walls without decoration, open communications, rough furniture and a lot of space. A kitchen decorated in this style will appeal to freedom-loving creative individuals.
Small kitchen in country style
The rustic style is reminiscent of summer vacations, vacations and cottages. There are many natural materials in it – solid wood furniture, stone-like tiles, plank floors are used. The oven can be styled in the spirit of a real wood-burning stove, and the hood should be closed with an imitation of a chimney.
Small high-tech kitchen
High-tech kitchen design means mostly smooth surfaces, lots of chrome elements, mirror inserts and tinted glass. Of the colors, glossy white and gray predominate, inclusions of black or blue are also possible.
Small kitchen in Scandinavian style
The fashion for Northern European design appeared along with Ikea stores. Scandinavian style is great for small spaces thanks to light winter colors combined with natural textures of granite and bleached wood.
Small kitchen in classic style
Symmetrical lines, soft glow and warm shades with golden accents make a classic kitchen a model of true harmony. Such a setting will be quite appropriate in a small space, it will visually enlarge and decorate it.
Small kitchen in the style of minimalism
The motto of minimalism is – the more inconspicuous, the better. The smooth surfaces of kitchen furniture and appliances seem to blend in with the rest of the finish. No bright details, decor or open shelves – just perfect cleanliness and the right lines.
Color solutions for a small kitchen
Each shade carries certain information that is subconsciously perceived by a person. For example, white and pastel colors are reminiscent of clear sunny days; saturated – attract attention; dark – as if they hide the outlines of objects in the darkness. Having carefully studied the spectrum, experts have deduced certain rules that should be followed when decorating small rooms. The main ones are to use mainly a light palette and use no more than 3 colors at a time.
A completely white kitchen will always look clean and tidy. Wood textures can be added to make it homey, while gray add-ons can help make cleaning easier.
The neutral shade of stones and steel is the perfect solution for the discreet design of a small kitchen. It is easy to pick up any modern technology for it. If desired, the gray color is successfully diluted with more saturated blotches from the rainbow palette.
Many people love the shade of cappuccino for its practicality. It is quite soft, as well as a warm color, on which stains are almost invisible. White and brown elements look good in a beige setting.
A small kitchen in yellow tones has every chance of becoming the most beloved place in the house. Moderately bright, this color creates a good mood and warms even on cloudy days. Yellow combines perfectly with white, light gray, green, and most pastel colors.
Cheerful shades of spring foliage will create a cozy and peaceful atmosphere in the kitchen. The green color is ideally complemented by brown and gray, and especially with the pattern of natural wood.
Decorating a small kitchen
The role of finishing in the interior of the kitchen can hardly be overestimated. The quality of the materials determines how durable the repair will be, and their appearance directly affects the aesthetics and comfort of the room.
Given the intensity of use, the floor covering in the cooking area should be as strong as possible, resistant to moisture, easy to clean and, preferably, not slippery. These criteria are best met by linoleum, porcelain stoneware, ceramic tiles, as well as self-leveling floors based on polymer resins.
In order not to “break up” the already tight space into even smaller areas, the coating should be monochromatic, and the elements should be large and glossy.
For wall decoration in a small kitchen, you can apply painting with moisture-resistant compounds (latex and acrylic water-dispersion paints with the addition of anti-mildew agents), glass fiber, washable vinyl wallpaper, plastic panels.
It is advisable to protect the area above the sink, stove and countertop with a ceramic coating (tiles, smooth artificial stone) or tempered tinted glass.
The best option for decorating the ceiling in a small kitchen is a light stretch film or simple staining. Fiberglass will help to level the surface, as well as to avoid microcracks on the plaster.
The use of drywall (even the most moisture resistant) and suspended plastic panels is undesirable – this will reduce the height of the room.
Curtains in the kitchen should be used sparingly because they not only quickly get dirty, absorb odors, but are also considered fire hazardous. If the window faces south, a short translucent curtain (tulle), or a narrow strip of dense material, hung like a visor, will help protect from bright rays.
Blinds and rolled bamboo products are quite versatile options for a small-sized kitchen. Another convenient solution is accordion-folding Roman blinds.
Instead of difficult-to-care natural fabrics, it is better to give preference to synthetic textiles (polyester, nylon, lavsan) with water-repellent and fire-resistant impregnation.
Furniture for a small kitchen
When choosing furniture for your small kitchen, you should pay attention not only to the aesthetics of the design, but also to the build quality, ergonomics, and the type of materials used. All this will subsequently affect not only functionality, but also the health of the inhabitants of the house. The dimensions must be adjusted to the standards of the room, and the work surfaces must be raised to a level suitable for the hostess in height.
As the most bulky and conspicuous element, the headset has a huge impact on the interior as a whole. In a small kitchen, it must be neat, with closed shelves, without noticeable reliefs and cracks. Handle-less monochromatic facades will give the impression that this is not furniture at all, but just a wall, and thus facilitate the design of the room. It is advisable to hide the hood, pipes or overall equipment behind the doors.
The simple design of a kitchen set can be diversified with an interesting apron, for example, by placing narrow photo wallpaper with a panoramic view behind the glass or by making a colored mosaic of pixel tiles. While in the recessed area, this area will not be conspicuous, but will give the workspace its own flavor.
It’s a great success if the kitchen has enough space for a full dining area. Alas, small-sized premises cannot always boast of such an addition. In this case, you will have to look for an alternative!
A good solution to save space in a small kitchen can be a narrow bar counter with high stools, folding and folding structures. The window sill can also play the role of a dining table, if it is raised with metal brackets to the desired height.
It is also possible to equip a corner for family meals on an insulated loggia or in a bay window.
Built-in drawers, pull-out shelves, hooks and magnets on the doors, rotating corner carousels – all this will allow you to conveniently place all your kitchen utensils.
It is better to put pots, cups, plates and cutlery closer to the sink; hide pans, baking sheets and forms near the oven, and it is advisable to store bulk products in dry upper cabinets.
For the most beautiful items, one or two sections can be distinguished, closed with transparent partitions – things left on open shelves will quickly fall into dust, condensation and drops of fat will settle on them.
Refrigerator placement ideas
So that the refrigerator does not take up much space in your small kitchen, it is worth choosing a tall, narrow model with a flat door. Its snow-white surface will ideally fit into the same furniture wall, and chrome-plated or in the color of polished steel will perfectly complement the high-tech interior, echoing with other large appliances.
A compact built-in camera is also perfect for small spaces. It can be placed under the countertop, or raised to a comfortable height and hidden behind the front of the kitchen unit.
Proper lighting in the kitchen
Even in a small cooking area, it is preferable to use many light sources. Mortise point diodes are best suited for this purpose – they consume little electricity, serve for a long time and withstand high humidity. Due to their low power and fire safety, LED lamps can be built into a headset (the main thing is to reliably isolate the wiring).
Hanging chandeliers in a small kitchen can get in the way, but if you nevertheless decide to use them, for example, over the dining area, it is better to stay on the simplest shades, which will then be easy to wipe off dust. In the center of the room, it is advisable to hang a ceiling lamp with a smooth surface.
Integration with other premises
Expanding a small kitchen with adjacent spaces is a great way to effectively use every centimeter of free space. By completely or partially removing the internal partition, a cramped room can easily be turned into a beautiful and modern studio.
Combining a small kitchen with a living room
If the wall between the kitchen and the living room is not load-bearing, it should be removed. This way you have a very comfortable cooking area. At the same time, it is important to install a powerful hood so that the smell and steam from the stove do not spread throughout the house.
Visually zoning the room will help a high bar counter, which can simultaneously be used as a table and a worktop.
Combining a small kitchen with a balcony or loggia
A small kitchen with access to the loggia is a real success, because it is at least 2 sq.m. backup space. It remains only to throw out old things from there, disassemble the low partition, remove the glass, and insulate the side facing the street – and you will get additional free space even for the dining area, even for cabinets or a refrigerator.
Small kitchen design – photo
Our photo selection will help you get inspired by new ideas for transforming your small kitchen. Here are the most interesting design options, innovative solutions and useful finds. Happy viewing!
Small kitchen design from https://incredibletinyhouse.com/
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