Dome houses have gained popularity in the post-Soviet space not so long ago, although Western countries have been using this construction technology for decades. Spherical houses are quite original and ergonomic, therefore they are suitable for both temporary and permanent residence. Such a house can become the real pride of the owner, as well as create the most comfortable living conditions for him. In this article, we will consider the features of dome structures, as well as some options for rational layouts.
Features of domed houses
The technology of building domed (spherical) houses has long been known to Western countries and is already rapidly developing in the post-Soviet space. Such dwellings with spherical roofs were known many centuries ago. So, the first buildings were present in Byzantium and were built of stone. Modern residential buildings were designed by the American architect Richard Fuller in the middle of the last century and quickly gained popularity. Northern peoples, paying attention to the ability of structures to withstand strong winds and seismic cataclysms, began to build their homes in very low temperatures.
Today, spherical houses can be found on all continents, regardless of climatic conditions. Their main feature is the structure of the dome, for which one of several technologies is used: the structure of a geodesic sphere, the construction of a frame or stationary formwork. At the same time, the houses themselves can be completely round or have a first floor-skirt, on which a domed roof is formed. The clear advantages of spherical houses are the following characteristics:
– Economical – the cost of building materials is much less (approximately 1/5) than when building a similar area of conventional structures. At the same time, works are carried out in a short time with the involvement of a small number of workers, which also saves labor costs;
– The process of assembling a simple frame structure does not require special skills and technology, the work can be done independently;
– Comfort – the spherical design contributes to good air ventilation, and if it is small, the sound insulation rate increases significantly;
– Versatility – the appearance of the building fits any landscape design concept;
– Durability – spherical structures are more stable than standard ones: they are not afraid of even the most powerful natural disasters. It is worth noting that a spherical roof can withstand more than half a ton of snow;
– Attractiveness – of course, the spherical design will not leave anyone indifferent. Such houses are striking in both external and internal decoration;
– Energy efficiency is an important quality that makes the house as practical as possible. The design retains heat efficiently, reducing the need for energy for additional heating.
There are also flaws in the design, albeit in small quantities, and they must also be taken into account. The most global problem in construction is the installation of windows, which will be of high cost. This also applies to furniture, which, as a rule, is made to order so that its rounded shapes fit harmoniously into the interior. Also note that a spherical building will occupy a larger area of the site than a rectangular one.
What materials are domed houses built from?
You can build a domed house from any building material. The best option is wooden structures, which stood at the origins of architecture. Now there is a large selection of materials, even the most unusual for us. For example, a domed house made of expanded polystyrene and polystyrene foam, which can be built in a short time, can become quite durable. At the final stage, the house is dressed in finishing materials, such as putty and paint. However, in order for the house to be used for year-round living, additional manipulations will be required.
Concrete opposite to foam can also be the raw material for dome construction. In this case, the house is being built in a slightly different way and will require large financial costs with the involvement of special equipment. But its distinctive features will be reliability and durability, as well as the ability to easily endure harsh climatic conditions. The structure is erected from concrete petals, and for large structures, the formwork casting method is used on the construction site. Such monolithic structures are often used as hangars, large sports complexes, etc.
The leading position among materials is occupied by frame structures made of metal or timber, the “skeleton” is sheathed with plywood or special OSB-plates. This method provides ease of construction and strength.
Dome house projects
An important point in the construction of the domed structure is the competent drawing up of its layout, so that it is not only beautiful, but also rational and convenient. A frequent problem is the design of a corridor, for which it is difficult to select a site in a round room, and opening doors will bring a flow of cold air in winter.
Often, a rational way out is to add a small vestibule, which is simply necessary in our climate; an extension of the terrace from which the entrance will be organized is also relevant. If such a design is unacceptable, it is possible to organize a hallway inside the building, however, it will be necessary to take care of the design of the “curtain” from the penetration of cold, for example, by building a convector into the floor surface.
Dome houses can be one- and two-story. Moreover, the latter are much more common and are more suitable for permanent residence of a family, since they make it possible to equip more premises, including bedrooms. As a rule, the first floor is given for common rooms, and the second for individual ones.
Dome house – Project 1
This layout is ideal for a full-fledged family. There are two bedrooms on the first and second floors. The first level is also occupied by a boiler room, a bathroom and a spacious kitchen with a dining area, from where a staircase leads to the upper level. On the second floor there is a balcony with a beautiful panoramic view of the green area. In this case, the dining area remains walk-through, open for viewing from the second floor.
Dome house – Project 2
There is a division of space by partitions according to the type of standard rooms. The straight vestibule of the first floor, leading deep into the circular structure, as if cuts the room into separate compartments and rests against a spacious living room. The second floor is filled with two bedrooms and a small hallway with a staircase. Of course, some loss of usable space, which could be located above the living room, may seem like a big drawback, but it is worth considering that this way the overall interior looks much lighter and makes it possible to feel all the delights of life in a domed house.
Dome house – Project 3
This project of a two-story domed mansion provides for the presence of an attached vestibule, which will effectively restrain the flow of cold air from the street, as well as the garage. The garage extension is an absolute plus, since living in a country house simply obliges you to have a car, and if the room is attached to the house, you can easily get into it even in the most severe weather. The second floor above the garage is occupied by a balcony structure. The presence of three bedrooms and two bathrooms allows a full-fledged family to freely accommodate.
Dome house – Project 4
A one-story domed house also has its advantages. Such structures are ideal for families with children or elderly people who find it rather difficult to climb to the second floor. In addition, having allocated a sufficient area of the site, you can place all the necessary rooms here. The space does not need to be divided into separate rooms at all, separating only the bathroom with walls. In this case, you will get a studio house where a bachelor or a young married couple will feel comfortable. The photo below shows several options for the layout of a one-story domed house, as well as a studio.
Glazing and cladding
The domed shape of the house gives tremendous opportunities to take a large area for glazing, which will give the building a light airy look. In this case, it is important to choose the right glass units, the design of which is made of special glass with a heat-shielding coating. In this case, the windows can be standard rectangular or triangular. Packages of five- and hexagonal double-glazed window systems look very unusual and original.
As for the cladding of the house, plaster, natural and decorative stone, brick, plastic, metal panels and other modern materials are most often used for these purposes.
Dome house interior: tips and ideas
As we have already said, the owners of round areas of houses are faced with a serious problem of organizing the interior. Although today’s market is overflowing with a huge range of furniture, it is not easy to find one for such a space. It is better to make it to order so that the interior elements can harmoniously fit along the walls without cluttering the space. Furniture that follows the curves of the walls in the living room or study will give the interior an unusual setting.
A frequent element of furnishings is a fireplace, which is advisable to place in the center of the room. Thus, you can save the incoming heat, which will be evenly distributed over the entire area. Around the fireplace, along the walls, you can place soft sofas, benches, which will become additional sleeping places. This will create a cozy warm living room. Along one of the walls, you can equip the kitchen work area.
Often, the windows of domed houses are located quite high, so you should give preference to the installation of automatic opening systems. Also noteworthy is the interior decoration of walls with bends. For example, large-format ceramic tiles in the bathroom or in the kitchen cannot be laid – they can be replaced with mosaics. If the walls are decorated with clapboard, the area is pre-divided into small sections, delimiting them with planks. The simplest option would be plastering or painting the walls.
Dome houses – photos and projects
In conclusion, we suggest visiting our gallery. Here you will see a lot of photos showing different options for projects of domed houses, their interior decoration and exteriors. Happy viewing!
Dome houses, from https://incredibletinyhouse.com/
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