Build a house: when your low-cost dream becomes reality
In the previous part of the article on building a house from shipping containers, we talked about how to prepare a site for construction, build a strip foundation and equip a house with window and doorways. This article will focus on how to install windows and doors, insulate a house and its basic redecoration.
– two 40 ‘and one 20’ cargo container;
– metal pipe with a square profile for the manufacture of window frames;
– metal pipe of square section 20-25 mm for edging gaps between the window / door and the window / door frame;
– metal corner for the manufacture of door frames;
– metal plate 100 and 150 mm wide;
– metal fastening fittings for joining a wooden frame;
– lumber: rectangular bars for the thickness of the insulation, planed boards;
– plywood or OSB for wall and ceiling cladding;
– plasterboard for wall and ceiling cladding;
– insulation for walls, floors and ceilings;
– doors, windows;
– electric cable, sockets, switches, etc .;
– polyurethane foam for installing windows, doors, filling gaps and insulating a wooden frame;
– plaster mesh;
– gypsum plaster.
– welding machine;
– a solar battery and a generator to ensure the operation of a power tool in the absence of a central power supply;
– jigsaw or hand circular;
– Miter saw;
– grinder, wheels and attachments for working with metal;
– vice, clamps;
– plastering tools.
Step one: wooden frame
The wooden frame is made of a rectangular bar, where its width is equal to the thickness of the thermal insulation materials used. Solid wall panels were assembled with fixing fittings. At the same time, for strength, the fasteners fell on the frame of the container, and not into its wall.
Also, at the level of the ceiling, they installed fastening fittings for the ceiling and fixed the beams.
Step two: windows and doors
By analogy with the first installed window, the workers carried out the installation of the rest of the windows, using foam and fasteners not screws.
Ordinary doors were also installed in a metal frame. However, this time, not a pipe, but a corner was used to make it.
A visor was welded onto the frame for modular doors along the outer wall along the entire perimeter and the doors were installed, connecting all the modules into a one-piece structure.
The gaps on the outside between the doors, windows and metal frames were filled with polyurethane foam and a small square pipe was welded on top.
Step three: thermal insulation works
The thermal insulation of the premises began with filling the space between the wooden frame and the walls of the container with polyurethane foam, where they almost touch. Particular attention was paid to the corners.
Before installing the insulation, an electric cable was passed through the frame, having previously placed the sockets and switches where it was intended.
Thermal insulation mats with a foil-coated inner side filled the space of the frame, taking into account also the space under the ceiling.
A special insulation was glued to the floor with an outer surface made of wood-shaving material. The same material was glued to the wall with a window to minimize the effect of cold bridges. Since there was a window on this wall, this required the use of a large amount of wood compared to the area of the insulation. Therefore, we decided that an extra layer of insulation would not hurt.
Step four: work in the second 40-foot container
If the first large container was intended for permanent residence, then the second container was supposed to be an office and a part-time workshop.
The work on the thermal insulation of the floor took place here on a slightly different principle. A wooden frame was mounted on the floor, it was filled with foil insulation, and sewn up with plywood on top. This is a subfloor on which you can install a finishing floor covering, from wooden planks to ceramic tiles.
Step five: machining the open base
After installing the container, an open area remains between its bottom and the plane of the foundation. Since in the first two containers the floor insulation is mounted directly on the foundation, this gap must be closed. For this, metal plates were used, which were welded at the bottom to a section previously cleaned from paint.
Step Six: Rough and Finish Wall Cladding
This project includes a rough wall cladding. There are several reasons for this. Firstly, the room has a very modest width – only 2.5 m. Since drywall will be used as the finishing cladding, a base was required on which it can be mounted. In this case, the metal profile is not suitable – there is so little space. And using plywood, you can kill two birds with one stone: level the surface and prepare a base on which you can quickly mount drywall without worrying about joining the seams and leveling it along the plane.
The seams between the sheets of drywall were pre-plastered. Then the walls and ceiling were plastered with a finishing plaster mortar.
Such a basic cosmetic repair will allow the owner of the house to decorate the interior at his own discretion, simply by painting the walls and choosing the type of flooring.
Originally posted 2020-08-30 14:50:03.